Involving the symbolism and allusions, the poem covers the entire Scriptures, from Genesis to Revelations. In the initial stanza, " mere anarchy” refers to the flood in Genesis. The past stanza refers to the anti-christ and the moments of the end of the world. In the final lines Yeats describes the sinners while " hard beasts” hauling themselves to Bethlehem to get the second coming of Christ. The body of the poem describes the rot of society. It refers to the non-believers, or atheists and the actual problem, the sinners. However , he does point out that even Christ was convinced in the wilderness, hell that is known. He utilizes a metaphor to allude to the Great Sphinx (The body of any lion and the head of your man), which will symbolizes the devil's residence. Furthermore, also this is a reference to the Book of Exodus, which identifies the changing of locusts and scorpion's tails. These layers of meaning generate it difficult for high school students to interpret the poem. I would recommend that a educator start with ten vocabulary terms: gyre, vexed, anarchy, revelation, falconer, Spiritus Mundi, fishing reel, indignant. Represent the text. After that discover all of the metaphors and symbols. It will take quite a bit of analysis to connote " gyre”. The dictionary definition is easy, but Yeats uses gyre in many of his articles. He utilizes a double-helix to symbolize the spiraling decay of society through " blood-dimmed tides” or perhaps wars. Then he uses the upwards spiral to symbolize the times of peace. To get Yeats world was a limitless cycle of war and peace. After that he takes us to medieval times, to a violent, but orderly sport of hunting, before the falcon are not able to hear the falconer and it can become chaotic, irrational violence. Is you use the Holy book to interpret the rest of the poem, it will be obvious: Yeats is actually a pessimist whom saw the underbelly of society.